Got a cold? Or is it allergies. Sometimes it can be tough to differentiate.
Here are a couple distinguishing factors for discerning between the two:
1. Symptoms. Symptoms of cold and allergy include:
- Sore throat
- A runny or stuffed-up nose
Allergies can have additional symptoms including sneezing and itchy eyes which are not as common with colds. Allergies can also cause eczema, hives, or conjunctivitis (pink eye).
Colds may occasionally cause fever and body aches. These are unique to colds and not common to allergies.
2. Duration. It is rare for a cold to last more than a week unless it has morphed into some kind of an infection such as a sinus infection. Allergies may last for weeks or even months on end.
Cause and Treatment
Colds are a type of virus. There are nearly 100 different viruses that lead to cold symptoms. There is no treatment, but you can take measures to make yourself feel more comfortable while the cold runs its course. You may try decongestants or multi-symptom cold medications. You may also run a humidifier, use saline nasal sprays, and stay hydrated and rested.
Allergies are a result of your immune system reacting to allergens in your environment including pet dander, mold, dust, and pollens. Since these allergens are not inherently dangerous or harmful, your body should just ignore them. But when you have allergies, the immune system perceives these elements as threats and releases chemicals in the body to “fight them off.” These chemicals are responsible for a whole host of miserable allergy symptoms—hay fever, asthma, coughing, eczema, itchy eyes, etc.
Unlike colds, there is a treatment for allergies. Talk to your physician to see if they offer an allergy test program. An allergy test can help reveal what you are allergic to. Medications may help if your allergies are short-term and mild. For more consequential allergies, your doctor may prescribe sublingual immunotherapy (allergy drops) or subcutaneous immunotherapy (allergy drops). Both can help teach your body to react normally to allergens in the environment so the allergy cycle stops. Talk to you doctor for more specific questions about the cost of allergy drops vs. allergy shots. If you have a child, allergy drops are often a safer choice for kids allergy treatment.